The Evolution of Firearms: The 1913 Folding Stock

The Evolution of Firearms: The 1913 Folding Stock

Firearms have undergone continuous innovation and development throughout history, with each era introducing new technologies and features to improve their functionality and adaptability. One crucial aspect of firearm design is the stock, which plays a significant role in both ergonomics and portability. In 1913, a groundbreaking innovation emerged in the form of the 1913 folding stock, revolutionizing the way firearms could be carried and deployed. This article explores the history, significance, and impact of the 1913 folding stock.

The Historical Context

To understand the significance of the 1913 folding stock, it’s essential to place it within its historical context. The early 20th century was a period of rapid advancements in firearm technology, with semi-automatic and automatic firearms becoming more common. Soldiers and law enforcement agencies needed firearms that were not only powerful but also practical for various combat scenarios.

The Birth of the 1913 Folding Stock

The 1913 folding stock was first introduced in the early 20th century as a solution to the need for compact, portable firearms. It was originally designed for the M1911 semi-automatic pistol, a standard issue sidearm for the United States military. The concept was simple yet revolutionary: create a stock that could fold, allowing the user to convert their pistol into a more stable and accurate shoulder-fired weapon.

Design and Features

Foldable Design The primary feature of the 1913 folding stock was its foldable design. This allowed the stock to be extended for shoulder firing and quickly folded back for ease of carrying or storage. The folding mechanism was typically simple and reliable, making it easy for users to switch between pistol and carbine modes.

Improved Stability When folded out, the stock provided a stable platform for firing, significantly enhancing accuracy and reducing recoil compared to firing a pistol one-handed. This improved stability made the 1913 folding stock a valuable accessory for both military and law enforcement personnel.

Portability One of the key advantages of the 1913 folding stock was its portability. When folded, the firearm with the attached stock took up less space, making it easier to transport and conceal. This feature was especially valuable for covert operations and for troops operating in confined spaces.

Military and Law Enforcement Adoption

The 1913 folding stock quickly gained popularity among military and law enforcement agencies. Its versatility and compact design made it suitable for a wide range of scenarios, from close-quarters combat to urban warfare. Many soldiers and officers appreciated the ability to carry a compact firearm that could be instantly converted into a more effective weapon when needed.

Influence on Firearm Design

The success of the 1913 folding stock had a profound influence on firearm design. Manufacturers started to develop firearms with folding stocks as a standard feature, resulting in the creation of a new category of weapons known as submachine guns. These weapons combined the compactness of a pistol with the stability and firepower of a rifle, making them popular choices for military and law enforcement units.

Legacy and Evolution

The 1913 folding stock’s legacy can still be seen in modern firearms design. Folding stocks continue to be a popular feature in various firearms, from submachine guns to assault rifles. They provide users with the ability to adapt their weapon to different situations quickly, a concept that was first introduced over a century ago.


The 1913 folding stock represents a significant milestone in the history of firearms. Its innovative design provided users with a versatile and portable solution for close-quarters combat and other tactical scenarios. By offering improved stability and portability, it influenced the development of new firearm categories and continues to shape modern firearm design today. The 1913 folding stock is a testament to the enduring pursuit of innovation in the field of firearms, ensuring that weapons are always evolving to meet the needs of those who wield them.

Scroll to Top